Long-term protection and herd immunity induced by existing pertussis vaccines are imperfect, and a need therefore exists to develop new pertussis vaccines. This study aimed to investigate the safety, colonisation, and immunogenicity of the new, live attenuated pertussis vaccine, BPZE1, when given intranasally. This phase 1b, double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled, dose-escalation study was done at the phase 1 unit, Karolinska Trial Alliance, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden. Healthy adults (18-32 years) were screened and included sequentially into three groups of increasing BPZE1 dose strength (107 colony-forming units [CFU], 108 CFU, and 109 CFU), and were randomly assigned (3:1 within each group) to receive vaccine or placebo. Vaccine and placebo were administered in phosphate-buffered saline contained 5% saccharose as 0·4 mL in each nostril. The primary outcome was solicited and unsolicited adverse events between day 0 and day 28. This trial is registered at Clinicaltrials.gov, NCT02453048.